Orchiectomy

What is it?

Surgical removal of one or both testes is called Orchiectomy.A radical single side Orchiectomy is indicated in the management of a suspected testicular tumor. A testicular tumor is suspected in any patient with the physical findings of a painless, firm, and irregular mass arising from the testicle. Bilateral Orchiectomy is indicated in advanced cancer of the prostate. This results in a drastic lowering of testosterone levels in the body as 95% of testosterone is produced in the testicles (testosterone is also produced by the adrenal glands).

Testosterone is one of the hormones that promote prostate growth and development, when it is no longer available the prostate cancer cells are unable to grow. Orchiectomy is not a cure for prostate cancer however, it increases the rate of survival. When Orchiectomy is performed to remove early testicular cancer, it may completely eradicated the cancer without the need for adjuvant treatment like radiotherapy or chemotherapy.