PCNL in Ectopic Kidneys

Introduction

 

  • Calculus diseases are one of the major problems in ectopic kidneys(pelvic).....Donat at al, J Urol, 1988
  • ESWL has poor stone free rates... Baltaci at al, J Endourol, 1997
  • Flexible Ureteroscopy cannot be offered in all subset patients
  • PCNL, although an established procedure seldom applied in these pelvic ectopic kidneys.... Tooth et al,.... Eshghi et al,.... Casteneda-Zuniga et al
  • Laparoscopic assisted PCNL offers good outcome, however not without complications..... Tooth and colleagues