Why is a Kidney Transplant necessary?

When a person has 'RENAL FAILURE', the kidneys do not properly filter harmful waste products; as a result,excess wastes and chemicals start to accumulate in the blood. When this happens, a dangerous accumulation of waste products can occur, causing a condition known as uremia. Patients with irreversible renal failure have two options of treatment :

  • Dialysis: Where the waste products from the blood are removed artificially.
  • Kidney transplantation: Any patient whose own kidneys have failed permanently is a potential candidate for a kidney transplant.

There are several factors in each individual case which determine whether a kidney transplant or lifelong dialysis is the better form of treatment for that patient. These factors include age, availability of family donors and the presence of antibodies in the patients (this increases the risk of kidney failure after transplantation). The health factors which increase the risk of the transplant operation are mainly heart disease, cancer or infection.

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