What is a prostate gland?

All men have a prostate gland. It is a sex gland located just below the urinary bladder.

The prostate surrounds the urethra, a tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside.It produces milky fluid which Is a major component of semen.

It undergoes various changes from birth to old age which are most often normal but sometimes pathological. At puberty, the prostate is about the size of an almond; around the age of 50, it starts Increasing in size and gradually may reach the size of an orange. This is probably secondary to hormonal changes that occur with ageing. The enlargement is benign (harmless) in 88% of cases.