Kidney performs the central role in a human body. It is as important as Heart or Lungs. Many organs of the body are dependent on Kidney to function healthily. Kidney removes toxic waste and excessive fluid from blood. It also helps control the Blood Pressure and produce Hormones which are responsible for Strong and healthy bones.
According to a survey conducted for Kidney Disease, Approximately 26 million Americas were suffering from Chronic Kidney Disease till 2012. Since then the number has multiplied. In order to bring down this ever increasing number, people needs to be serious about preventing such fatal disease.
Primary risk for Kidney disease includes factors like High Diabetes, High Blood Pressure, Family History, Heart Disease etc. Obesity; Autoimmune Diseases; Urinary Tract Infections and Systemic Infections are the secondary risks.
Kidney damage occurs in stages and in most of the cases, body does not show any kind of symptom till Kidney is damaged up to 90%.
Stages of Kidney Damage
Stage 1: Slight Kidney damage
Stage 2: Mild decrease in Kidney function
Stage 3: Moderate decrease in Kidney function
Stage 4: Severe decrease in Kidney function
Stage 5: End-stage Renal Disease
Steps for maintaining a Healthy Kidney
- Keep a control on the Blood Pressure and take every preventive measures against its increased level
- For people suffering from Diabetes, have a control on your Glucose Level
- Keep the cholesterol level in the appropriate range
- If on medications, take the prescriptions on time
- If you have a high salt intake, cut-off the intake and aim for less than 1,500 milligram sodium per day
- Eat healthy food like fruits, frozen vegetables etc.
- Have a limit on your alcohol intake
- Exercise should be a compulsory part of daily routine
- For those who are overweight need to work on reducing the weight
Smokers need to quit it slowly and gradually as smoking would led to serious Kidney damages