Robotic Nephrectomy – Advancement in Laparoscopic Surgery

Kidneys are the essential part of human body which helps to purify the blood. It extracts the wastes from the blood and acts as a natural filter, the wastes are diverted to the urinary bladder and the purified blood is diverted towards heart. Bean shaped kidneys are located on each side of lower back of human body. The left kidney is slightly larger than the right one.

Kidney cancer is somewhat more common in men and is usually diagnosed between the ages of 50 and 70 years. The reason of kidney cancer is unidentified, although it may be connected to numerous risk factors such as smoking, obesity, workplace exposure to chemicals, high blood pressure. Every year, kidney cancer is analyzed about 190,000 people worldwide.

It is important to realize that robotic surgery in Indiawith early diagnosis and treatment, kidney cancer can be cured. In fact, the survival rate ranges from 79 to 100 percent. Treatment of maximum kidney cancers starts with exclusion of the primary tumor in an operation called a nephrectomy. The main reason of surgery is to remove the primary tumor and complex tissue in the kidney. Even if cancer has already circulate, a nephrectomy might still be helpful because the body then have fewer cancerous cells to fight through treatments that doctors prescribed after surgery.

Kidney Cancer does not have an early symptom but now before consulting the doctor one can observe the symptoms of cancer by his own.

Followings are possible symptoms:
• Blood in urine
• Lump in your abdomen or side
• Unexplained weight loss
• Pain in your side that doesn’t go away
• Loss of appetite
• Extreme fatigue
• Anemia

Kidney cancer that propagates to other parts of our body may create other symptoms, like:
• Shortness of breath
• Coughing up blood
• Bone pain

Some of the Causes & Risk Factors for Kidney Cancer are as follows.

Investigators have found numerous risk factors that make you more likely to grow kidney cancer. The following are some of the risk factors for developing kidney cancer:
• Smoking
• Hypertension
• Having certain hereditary conditions, such as von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease or inherited papillary renal cell carcinoma.
• Obesity
• Family history of kidney cancer
• Chronic kidney dialysis and/or failure
• Tuberous sclerosis (common genetic condition that produces growths in the body from birth throughout adulthood)
• Using certain pain medications for a long time.

Some of the basic Treatments for the Kidney Cancer are as follows:
• The primary treatment option for kidney cancer is to remove all or part of the kidney and the tumor.
• In many cases, there is a possibility that only some part of the kidney is affected, hence removal of cancerous part serves the purpose. Such type of surgery is called Partial Nephrectomy.
• Kidney cancer that persists and propagate to other parts of the body might not be treatable, but may be controlled with treatment
• Kidney cancer does not respond well to radiation and chemotherapy treatments.

It is advisable for patients to consult a doctor first and then decide the treatment, since treatment is dependent upon patient’s characteristics. Information provided over here is for the reference purpose only.

Why to choose Robotic Surgery:
Kidney treatment is possible by Open Surgery or Laparoscopic surgery. In open surgery, the doctors make a big scar and then perform the operation. This result in heavy blood loss and more complications.

The preferable way to open surgery is laparoscopic surgery, where tiny cuts are made by the surgeons. This surgery provides faster recovery and comparatively less complications.

The advancement to laparoscopic surgery is Robotic Kidney Surgery, where similar number of cuts is made. But in this surgery, the surgeon sits at one end and operates the robots. The robotic hands can move 360 degree and the High Definition camera provides 3D view. This helps surgeon to analyze the depth and helps him to make surgery easier.

The benefits of Robotic Kidney Surgery are:
• Excellent clinical outcomes and cancer control
• Quicker return to normal activity
• Shorter hospitalization – most go home the next day
• Less scarring than traditional open surgery
• Less blood loss
• Reduced pain – most patients don’t even need narcotics after surgery
• Fewer complications and less risk of infection
• Excellent chance of preserving the kidney, in certain operations

For more information you can visit: About Robotic Kidney Surgery