Kidney disease is a vital Pandemic; worldwide. World Kidney Day’s (WKD) goal is to raise awareness of the importance of the kidneys to the global health of the population and to diminish the frequency and impact of kidney disease and its linked health problems worldwide. World Kidney Day celebration started in 2006 jointly by International Society of Nephrology and International Federation of Kidney foundations. WKD is celebrated on 2nd Thursday of March every year all over the world. This year’s slogan is Kidneys for life; Stop Acute Kidney Injury, which attentions on the empathetic the causes, prevention and treatment of Acute Kidney Injury.
As a part of this programme Muljibhai Patel Urological Hospital – Centre For Robotic Surgery has organised a “Walkathon” in Nadiad on Sunday 10th March 2013. On the occasion of World Kidney Day 2013, within a short period of 48 hours, more than 400 people had registered their names with MPUH -CRS Nadiad, expressing their desire to be ‘Cadaver Kidney Donors’ in case of accidental brain death.
Objectives of World Kidney Day:
- Raise awareness about our “amazing kidneys”: Their main role is to uphold the balance of bodily liquids by filtering and concealing metabolites and minerals from the blood and defecating them, along with water, as urine. The kidneys control blood brook levels of many minerals and molecules including sodium and potassium, and help to control blood acidity. Helps to control the Blood pressure. They strengthen the bone and increase the Haemoglobin content in the blood.
- Highlight that diabetes and high blood pressure are key risk factors for Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). Inspire systematic screening of all patients with diabetes and hypertension for CKD: India is the capital of Diabetes. Type 2 (adult onset) is most common and10 to 40 percent of those finally will suffer from kidney failure: the most solemn trouble of the disease. The initial sign of diabetic kidney disease is an increased elimination of albumin in the urine. This is present extended before the usual tests done in the doctor’s office show a loss of kidney function. So it is essential to have this test on a yearly basis. Preserving control of the diabetes can lower the risk of developing both kidney failure and cardiovascular events (heart attack, strokes).
- High blood pressure can autonomously cause CKD, and CKD can cause high blood pressure. The treatment of high blood pressure has become the most important involvement in the management of all forms of CKD. Lowering blood pressure will reduce the risk of heart disease, which for most patients with CKD, is a more immediate risk than end-stage renal disease (ESRD). It will also decrease the chance of developing ESRD requiring dialysis or kidney transplantation.
- Encourage defensive behaviors: Reduce salt intake; plenty of fluids, Stop smoking, Regular exercise.
- Educate all medical professionals about their important role in identifying and reducing the risk of CKD, particularly in high risk populations
- Severe Kidney Injury: Severe Kidney Injury is a condition in which there is an unexpected drop in the function of the kidneys over hours or days with the retaining of nitrogenous waste products- it can affect anyone. In the growing world where children and young adults are at special risk for AKI because it occurs frequently as the result of gastroenteritis, poisonings, malaria or other infectious diseases. Victims of crush wounds in natural disasters such as earthquakes often die of AKI. Many cases of AKI can be prohibited simply by humanizing the community, and local and regional health care physicians about prevention and early warning signs requiring immediate intervention. It can be difficult to identify and is dangerous
- AKI can develop in the hospital settings: approximately estimated 5% to 20% of critically ill patients (patients in the intensive care unit) experience an episode of AKI during the course of their illness. Development of AKI in the ICU has a negative impact on outcomes of any illness and also increases the death rate. To this end, greater awareness of AKI amongst the general physician and health care profession is needed. There are also important opportunities for prevention, especially by careful attention to prescription medicines management in elderly people.
- It is estimated that AKI could be reversible in approximately 50% of the cases with early diagnosis. Awareness is low and World Kidney Day is our opportunity to change this.
Kidneys play a vital role in keeping us alive and well. World Kidney Day spreads the word that kidney disease is common, harmful & treatable: Early diagnosis and treatment improves the outcome. Kidney diseases are silent killers, which will largely affect your quality of life. There are however several easy ways to reduce the risk of developing kidney disease.
- Keep regular control of your blood sugar level
- Monitor your blood pressure
- Maintain a healthy fluid intake
- Eat healthy and keep your weight in check
- Keeping fit and active
- Do not smoke
- Do not take over-the-counter pills on a regular basis
- Check your kidney function if you have one or more of the ‘high risk’ factors.