KIDNEY STONE
Small hard deposits made of acid salts and minerals forms on the interior of Kidneys and are commonly known as Kidney Stones. There are many reasons for why this Stones are formed and it can have severe effect on the Urinary Tract System, Kidneys, and Urinary Bladder. Stones are formed when the Urine gets concentrated, allowing mineral to crystallize and later they stick together in their solid state.
As the Kidney Stone passes through the Urinary Bladder it causes immense pain. While it causes no permanent damage, it does pain a lot. A lot of water intake would help the Kidney Stone pass effortlessly.
There are instances wherein the Stones have to be removed with the help of a surgery. The type of treatment would depend on the doctor’s recommendation to reduce the risk of recurrent Kidney Stones and also to be away from the risk of developing it again.

SYMPTOMS OF KIDNEY STONE
A Kidney Stone shows no symptoms until it starts moving inside the Kidney or when it passes into the Ureter. Ureter is the tube connecting Kidney and Bladder and when the Stone touches the walls of Ureter, it causes various symptoms.
Following are the symptoms of Kidney Stones:

  • Severe pain in the side and back, below the ribs
  • Pain that spreads to the lower abdomen and groin
  • Pain that comes in waves and fluctuates in intensity
  • Pain on urination
  • Pink, red or brown urine
  • Cloudy or foul-smelling urine
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Persistent urge to urinate
  • Urinating more often than usual
  • Fever and chills if an infection is present

DIAGNOSIS OF KIDNEY STONES
If you suspect a Kidney Stone, it’s better to get it diagnosed. It requires certain tests and procedures:
Blood Test: It determines the level of Calcium and Uric acid in the blood. Also it helps monitor the heath of Kidneys and diagnose its conditions.
Urine Test: It requires 24 hours collection of the Urine to know the amount of stones that the person is excreting through Urine.
Imaging Test: With the help of this test, one can see the amount, and size of stones, present in the Kidney. The person would have to undergo X-ray or CT scan that may reveal the required information. Normally, tiny stones are missed during an X-ray but CT scan would capture it all. Other imaging options include an ultrasound, a noninvasive test, and intravenous pyelography, which involves injecting dye into your arm vein and taking X-rays as the dye travels through your kidneys and bladder.
Analysis of stone: In this test, the person is asked to urinate through a strainer to catch the stones. A further lab analysis would reveal the make-up of this stones. Doctor would determine the causes of stones through this analysis.

PROGNOSIS
More than 80% of the Kidney stones passes on their own but it has been observed that Kidney Stones often have high recurrence rate and the patient can develop another stones within 10 years of life span.
Once the type of the stone is determined, the risk of recurrence can be minimized. Analysis of the stone after capturing it would tell its type. In otherwise healthy patients, the major complications of a kidney stone is the potential for infection or the inability to control pain or nausea.

PREVENTING THE KIDNEY STONES

  • Keeping yourself hydrated is the best way to prevent the Kidney Stones. One should be drinking adequate amount of water especially those who sweat more
  • For those with underlying medical conditions, chronic medications are very important
  • It is very essential to drink more water and urinate more for the stone to be excreted in the initial stages itself

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